This Day in History - January
Major historical events by day in the month of January:
January 1, 45 B.C. - The Julian calendar is first used.
January 1, 1878 - Emma M. Nutt becomes the first woman telephone operator.
January 1, 1908 - The ball was first dropped at Times Square in New York City.
January 2, 1947 - Mahatma Gandhi begins his march for peace in East Bengal.
January 3, 1521 - Martin Luther is excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church by Pope Leo X.
January 3, 1870 - Construction began on the Brooklyn Bridge
January 4, 1790 - President George Washington delivers the first State of the Union Address.
January 4, 1847 - Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the U.S. government.
January 5, 1972 - President Richard M. Nixon signs a $5.5B over 6 years to build and test a space shuttle.
January 6, 1838 - Samuel Morse demonstrates the telegraph
January 6, 1975 - Television game show "Wheel of Fortune" premieres.
January 7, 1610 - Astronomer Galileo Galilei discovers four of Jupiter's moons.
January 8, 1964 - In his State of the Union address, President Lyndon B. Johnson declares his "War on Poverty Program".
January 9, 1951 - The United Nations opens it's headquarters in New York City.
January 10, 1863 - The world's first underground passenger railway system opens in London, England.
January 11, 1838 - Samuel Morse and Alford Vail demonstrate the magnetic electric telegraph using morse code
January 11, 1973 - American League baseball adopts the "Designated Hitter" rule.
January 12, 1966 - Batman debuts on television.
January 12, 1971 - Television comedy "All in the Family" premieres.
January 13, 1943 - Germany's Adolf Hitler declares "Total War" against the Allies.
January 14, 1784 - The United States of America ratifies a treaty with England ending the Revolutionary war.
January 14, 1973 - The Miami Dolphins defeat the Washington Redskins in Superbowl VII , and become the first undefeated team in NFL history.
January 14, 1990 - The Simpsons debut on television. Will TV ever be the same again!?!
January 15, 1943 -The Pentagon opens. It is the world's largest office building at 6.5 million square feet.
January 15, 1967 - Green Bay beats Kansas City in the first NFL Super Bowl in the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum.
January 15, 1974 -Happy Days premieres on television.
January 16, 1991 -Operation Desert Storm begins to oust Saddam Hussein's' Iraqi forces from Kuwait.
January17, 1873 - Andrew Hallikie receives a patent for a cable car system in San Francisco, which began service in 1873.
January 17, 1984 - The U.S. Supreme Court rules that taping on home VCRs does not violate copyright laws.
January 18, 1778 - Captain James Cook discovers the Hawaiian Islands.
January 19, 1883 - The first electrical lighting system using overhead wires was constructed by Thomas Edison.
January 20, 1964 - The Beatles release "Meet the Beatles", their first album to the U.S., sparking a new "English invasion".
January 20, 1981 - At 69 years, 349 days old, Ronald Reagan becomes the oldest person to become U.S. president.
January 21, 1799 - Edward Jenner introduces the smallpox vaccine, which eventually leads to wiping out this deadly disease.
January 21, 1915 -The first Kiwanis club is formed in Detroit.
January 21, 1950 - Science fiction writer George Orwell dies.
January 22, 1973 - Historic Supreme Court decision in Roe vs. Wade legalizes abortion.
January 23, 1556 - The deadliest earthquake in history strikes Shansi, China, killing 830,000 people.
January 24, 1935 - Beer was first sold in cans . See Beer Can Appreciation Day
January 24, 1945 - WWII Yalta agreement signed by the U.S., England, and Russia. The agreement defined how Germany would be divided and administered after the war's end.
January 25, 1924 - The first Winter Olympic games begin in Chamonix, France.
January 25, 1949 - The first Emmy awards were given out.
January 26, 1875 - The Dental Drill was patented. Now open your mouth and say "Ahhh".
January 27, 1945 - The Russians liberate Auschwitz in WWII.
January 27, 1967 - Tragedy strikes the Apollo space program as a fire in the command module kills astronauts Lt. Col. Virgil “Gus” Grissom, Lt. Col. Edward H. White, and Lt. Cdr. Roger Chafee .
January 28, 1986 - U.S. space shuttle Challenger explodes 72 seconds after liftoff, killing the seven crew members. Among the crew was school teacher Christa McAuliffe.
January 29, 1900 - Baseball's American League is founded.
January 30, 1968 - Tet New Year offensive launched by Viet Cong guerillas in Vietnam
January 30, 1969 - The Beatles held their last concert on the roof of their Apple Studio in London. It was interrupted when police received noise complaints from neighbors.
January 31, 1865 - U.S. House of Representatives approves a constitutional amendment abolishing slavery.
January 31, 1865 - Confederates appoint Robert E. Lee their Commander in Chief.
January 1, 1940 - Ida Fuller of Ludlow, VT receives the first Social Security. The monthly check was $22.54.
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